Indian Journal of Unani Medicine is an international peer-reviewed bi-annual official publication of National Environmental Science Academy, New Delhi. It is a journal of scientific research focused on the Unani System of Medicine which aims to provide new horizons of learning for researchers, professionals, practitioners and students of Unani Medicine. Indian Journal of Unani Medicine is listed in National Library of Medicine catalogue (NLM ID: 101534199) and is also included in the list of journals approved by University Grants Commission (S. No. 15667).

The first and foremost objective is to strengthen the education and research base of Unani Medicine with quality papers in the form of original research, literature review, case studies, book reviews, opinions and other relevant matter which provide useful insights not only for Unani practitioners but any health professional with an interest in the subject.

The Journal is published bi-annually with two issues in a year (January-June & July-December). All the papers are subject to a blind review by a panel of reviewers and members of Editorial Board for their scientific merit.

Potentially one of the premier journals in its field, the Indian Journal of Unani Medicine welcomes papers that stimulate interest and disseminate information in Unani System of Medicine in the areas of:

  • Fundamentals of Unani Medicine and their scientific relevance
  • Single and compound Unani drugs and therapeutics
  • Unani Medicine in National and International healthcare
  • Clinical trials, pilot studies and case studies.
  • Ilaj bit Tadbeer (regimenal therapy)
  • Development of standard operative procedures
  • Quality control and pharmacology of Unani drugs
  • Newer avenues of research in Unani Medicine
1) Aims and Scope
Indian Journal of Unani Medicine (IJUM) publishes original research papers dealing with all aspects of Unani Medicine in English language.
Scientists who use English as a foreign language are strongly recommended to have their manuscripts checked by a native English proficient colleague or English Editing Services for linguistic correctness, before submission.

2) Terms and Conditions
Submission of manuscript to this journal implies that
• it has not been published elsewhere and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere,
• it does not consist of duplicate material already published,
• it does not contain plagiarized material, and that
• it has been approved by all the authors and the concerned institutions

3) Article types:
The following types of articles will be considered for publication:
1) Original articles
a. Original research: are original, investigative clinical or survey studies. They should be no longer than 4,000 words. All figures and tables must be original.
b. Case reports: these are based on description of a case that provides valuable insight into a disease conditions pathogenesis, presentation or management. The manuscript should typically contain about 1500 words with original figures and tables.

2) Review articles: should address topics of importance to Unani clinicians, students and researchers including scholarly updates and other relevant topics. These manuscripts should typically contain about 4000 words; the authors should include a brief section describing the search strategies used to collect information. If the authors use previously published figures or tables, the following should be taken into account:
a. The source of the figure/ table should be properly cited.
b. In case of copyrighted material, the author will be responsible for obtaining appropriate permission from the copyright holder and all expenses related to the same.

3) Opinions and comments
a. Commentaries: are opinion articles by invitation only which draw attention to or present criticism on a subject of exceptional interest.
b. Letters to editor: should be no more than 500 words in length and should discuss material recently published in IJUM and will be published at the discretion of Editor-in-Chief. They must not cite unpublished data or work. Regular publication charges apply.
4) Peer review policy: Articles other than opinion and comments are subject to peer-review.

5) Manuscript Preparation
General guidelines: a. Manuscript should be computer typed in MS Word in Times New Roman font, size 12, with 1.5 line spacing throughout, single column format on A4 size white paper with page numbers, leaving 1 inch margins on both sides.
b. Words or phrases in languages other than English must be italicized and the translation must be given at the first place where they appear in text.
c. Use standard symbols of Units conforming to the International System of Units (SI).
d. For enzymes, use the trivial names as recommended by IUPAC-IUB Commission.
e. For abbreviations, standard international practices should be used. Full form of all abbreviations should be given at their first citation with abbreviations in the bracket e.g. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)

Checklist and guidelines:
(a) Cover page: of the paper should contain the following only:- 1. Title of the paper-concise and descriptive. The title should appropriately convey the content and nature of the manuscript.
2. Author(s) name(s)-complete name. Salutations (such as Dr., Prof. etc) should not be used.
3. Author(s) affiliations (Department and Institution).
4. Full postal address with Postal or Pin code and Telephone number of corresponding author with e-mail and mobile number. Name of the corresponding author must be marked with an asterix (*).
5. Type of paper (Review, Original, Case Study etc.).
6. Total number of Tables, Figures and Pages in the paper; alongwith total word count of the paper.
(b) First page should contain Title of the paper (in bold font, Times New Roman, size 14 and centralized), followed by Abstract (about 200 words), 3-5 Key words and Text proper. All text except the title should be in font size 12. To facilitate the review process, there should be no name(s) and address (es) of the author(s) on this and the subsequent pages of the text.
Abstract should be in single paragraph and should indicate significant findings, data/data range, conclusions and relevance of the study. It should be in a form such that abstracting agencies may use it without change.

Key words should adequately index the subject matter and should not be more than 5.

(c) Text proper should be subdivided into sections:
1. Introduction
2. Materials and Methods
3. Results and Discussion
4. Conclusion
5. Acknowledgment
6. Conflict of interest statement
7. References

The first letter of author(s) name should be capital and rest small. All scientific names, from the level of genus downward, should be made italics (e.g. Rattus rattus).

(d) Introduction should precisely include the aims of the study. It should be concise and specific with no sub-headings.
(e) Materials and Methods
should be sufficiently detailed to enable the experiments to be reproduced. The standard techniques and methodology adopted should be supported with references. (f) Results and Discussion
should be combined. Results may be split into sub-headings. Results should be co-related and discussed. Data emerging out from the study should be included, arranged in a unified and coherent sequence, and statistically analyzed. Lengthy, confusing and irrelevant discussion should be avoided. Repetitions should be curtailed. (g) Figures and tables should be centralized and numbered as Table 1, 2.. or Fig. 1, 2.. and so on. The same data should not be presented both in Tabular and Graphic forms. The figures and tables should placed within the text at appropriate places.
(h) Conclusion: The important conclusions drawn from the study must be highlighted with future prospects interpreted wherever applicable, based on results and supported by relevant latest references.
(i) Acknowledgment should include the names of those who contributed substantially to the work described in the manuscript but do not fulfill the requirements for the authorship. It should also include the sponsor or the funding agency of the project of which the paper is a part of.
(j) Conflict of interest statement: All manuscripts that are submitted to IJUM must be accompanied by a conflict of interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they do not have any conflicts of interest to declare.
(k) Review articles should contain: Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Method of data collection, Analysis/ Summary of data collected, Conclusion, Acknowledgment, Conflict of Interest statement, References. It is expected that the authors themselves have access to the sources they have cited.
(l) Case reports should contain: Keywords, Objective(s), Design, Intervention(s), Main outcome measure(s), Results, Acknowledgment, Conflict of Interest statement, References.
(m) References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. The numbers should be placed in round brackets, bold and superscripted. E.g. (12)

It should be ensured that the references cited should be current. Unpublished papers should not be included / cited in the manuscript, unless they can be cited with DOI (digital object identifier) and name of the journal is provided.

The journal follows the NLM format of referencing as under:
Reference Type In-text Example Reference List Example
One author The book, “Secrets from the black bag”, by Butler(1) shows that ..... OR Butler(1) purported ‘.....’ 1. Butler SW. Secrets from the Black Bag. London: The Royal College of General Practitioners; 2005.
Six or more authors Professionals in collaboration(3) . Hofmeyr GJ, Neilson JP, Alfirevic Z, Crowther CA, Gulmezoglu AM, Hodnett ED et al. A Cochrane pocketbook: Pregnancy and childbirth. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2008
No author ‘ not die from the disease.’(4) 4. A guide for women with early breast cancer. Sydney: National Breast Cancer; 2003.
Different Editions What has become known as the “Bible of General Practice” in Australia (7) ..... 7. Murtagh J. John Murtagh’s General Practice. 4th ed. Sydney: McGraw-Hill Australia Pvt. Ltd; 2007. An edition number is placed after the title of the work. This is not necessary for a first edition
Translation of a book Luria discovers that(11) ..... 11. Luria AR. The mind of a mnemonist (L. Solotaroff, trans). New York: Avon Books; 1969.
Chapter in an edited book As discussed by Rowlands and Haine(12) ..... 12. Rowlands TE, Haine LS. Acute limb ischaemia. In: Donnelly R, London NJM, editors. ABC of arterial and venous disease. 2nd ed. West Sussex. Blackwell Publishing; 2009.
Chapter in a book .......due to endometriosis(13)..... 13. Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynaecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p.1103-33. Need to enter the Chapter information and page numbers manually
Elements of the Citation Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of article. Title of journal – abbreviated. Publication year, month, day (month & day only if available); volume(issue):pages.

Note: Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the style used in Medline. Abbreviations can be found at:

Reference Type In-text Example Reference List Example
Standard journal article As highlighted by Snowdon,(18) ..... ’ 18. Snowdon J. Severe depression in old age. Medicine Today. 2002 Dec;3(12):40-47.
Journal article – more than six authors Hanna et al(21) report in this article that ..... Hanna JN, McBride WJ, Brookes DL, Shield J, Taylor CT, Smith IL, Craig SB, Smith GA. Hendra virus infection in a veterinarian. Med J Aust. 2006 Nov 20;185(10):562-64.
Electronic article – with DOI number Fletcher & Wagstaff(23) argue that ..... 23. Fletcher D, Wagstaff CRD. Organizational psychology in elite sport: its emergence, application and future. Psychol Sport Exerc. 2009;10(4):427-34. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.03.009.
Electronic article – without DOI number According to the Lemanek(24)..... 24.Lemanek K. Adherence issues in the medical management of asthma. J Pediatr Psychol ( Internet). 1990 (cited 2010 Apr 22);15(4):437-58. Available from: /15/4/437


Elements of the citation Author(s) of paper – Family name and initials. Title of paper. In: Editor(s) Family name and initials, editor(s). Title of conference; Date of conference; Place of conference. Place of publication: Publisher’s name; Year of publication. p. Page numbers.

Reference Type In-text Example Reference List Example
Published conference paper This is well documented in the literature.(27-28) 27. Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. In: Lun KC. Degoulet P. Piemme TE, Reinhoff O, editors. MEDINFO 92. Proceedings of the 7th World Congress on Medical Informatics; 1992 Sep 6-10; Geneva, Switzerland. Amsterdam: North Holland; 1992. p. 1561-5
Conference proceedings Research(29) supports...... 29. Kimura J. Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996. In the “conference title” field type in “Paper presented at: “ ..” and then enter all details of conference including the date and where conference took place. Enter the place of publication in the “Conference location” field ALTERNATIVELY: In the ‘Publisher’ field – enter the place of publication, publisher and the year eg. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996

Elements of a report citation

Author(s). Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication – year month if applicable. Total number of pages if applicable eg. 24 p. Report No.: (if applicable)

Reference Type In-text Example Reference List Example
Government/ Organisation/ Scientific /Technical report Climate change(37)..... 37. Australia. Parliament. Senate. Select Committee on Climate Policy. Climate policy report. Canberra: The Senate; 2009 38. Page E, Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001 Feb. 24 p. Report No.:HETA2000-0139-2824

Elements of the citation for a thesis

Printed Thesis: Author. Thesis title (type of thesis). Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Online Thesis: Author. Thesis title (type of thesis on the internet). Place of publication: Publisher; Year (cited date – year month day). Available from: Name of database/web address

Reference Type In-text Example Reference List Example
Thesis The research is support by Kay(39).... 39.Kay JG. Intracellular cytokine trafficking and phagocytosis in macrophages (PhD thesis). St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2007.
Thesis – retrieved from database/ internet The research(40)..... 40. Pahl KM. Preventing anxiety and promoting social and emotional strength in early childhood: an investigation of aetiological risk factors (PhD thesis). St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2009 (cited 2010 Mar 24). Available from: University of Queensland Library E-Reserve

4) Manuscript Submission
Paper should be submitted online through E-mail to: Acknowledgment of the manuscript will be sent to the Corresponding author by E-mail and a Manuscript Registration Number (MRN) will be assigned. Author should use this number for future communications. Assignment of a manuscript number does not imply that the manuscript will be accepted for publication.

5) Other instructions
Materials contained in the Manuscript represent the opinion of the author(s) alone and should not be construed as the opinion of the Editors, Editorial board or of the Publisher. The paper shall be rejected at any stage of publication if found containing plagiarized content.

6) Editorial Process
7) Page Proofs
Page-proofs will be sent to the Corresponding author only once for approval and for minor corrections. Excessive changes / alterations made in page proofs by Authors are not allowed after peer-review.

8) Fees and Payments
A publication fee of Rs.1000/- will have to be submitted after acceptance of the paper. The mode of payment will be communicated to the corresponding author.

9) Copyright
Copyright of all the papers published in Indian Journal of Unani Medicine belongs to National Environmental Science Academy (NESA), India.

10) Contact and Correspondence
All communication should be addressed to the Editor - IJUM at the following contact address mention below:

Postal Address: Editor-in-Chief. Indian Journal of Unani Medicine
206, Raj Tower-I, Alaknanda Community Centre, New Delhi - 110 019